Lentils were one of the first crops domesticated in this region and this is thought to have occurred sometime between 13,000 – 9,000 years ago. [2], Lens is a small genus which consists of the cultivated L. culinaris and six related wild taxa. They are frequently combined with rice, which has a similar cooking time. Rinse and sort the seeds. Lentils are a good source of vitamin B1 (thiamine), B9 (folate), iron, phosphorus and zinc. They are also used as stuffing in dal parathas and puri for breakfast or snacks. lentis Let’s go over some of those now! [citation needed] Lentils grow well under low fertilizer input conditions, although phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium, and sulfur may be used for nutrient-poor soils.[2]. Lentils are an improvable crop, meaning they have a variety of quality levels and can be improved with fertilizer. Mung beans and lentils are easy to sprout in jars and can be bought in most supermarkets and health shops. Between the different related species hybridisation barriers exist. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Production of lentils in 2018; Crops/World Regions/Production Quantity from pick lists", "Microstructure of lentil seeds (Lens culinaris)", "Full Report (All Nutrients): 16069, Lentils, raw", "Lentils, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, without salt per 100 g", Lentils – Country Production, Consumption, Exports, and Imports Statistics, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lentil&oldid=997081780, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Puy (left), green, and red (right) lentils, Cylindrosporium leaf spot and stem canker, Masoor daal (unshelled lentils with a brown seed coat and an orange-red cotyledon), Red Chief (light tan seed coat and red cotyledon), Brewer's: a large brown lentil which is often considered the "regular" lentil in the United States, Laird: the commercial standard for large green lentils in western Canada. Find out how to grow your own sprouting beans, below. Lentils are drilled in rows six to seven inches apart. [11], The United States was the third-leading country for lentil production in 2018, with the Palouse region of eastern Washington and the Idaho panhandle as the most productive state regions. Below is a list of the most common lentil diseases. Harold McGee, "On Food and Cooking", 2004 Edition, Scribners. Puy Lentils are grown in fertile soil, formed by volcanic lava, of Puy-en-Velay in South West France and are protected in the European Union by a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) and in France as an appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC). They're also packed with folate, iron, phosphorus, potassium and fiber. Lentil crops are moderately resistant to drought and high temperature and grow well in Saskatchewan, naturally replenishing the soil with nutrients. There are a number of varieties of lentils and these come in different colors such as yellow, red, orange, brown and black. Get seeds or dry lentils. Lentils are also used in many regional varieties of sweets. Meanwhile my lentil salad (to feed 60) is delicious (thanks to Elizabeth who tweaked the recipe) and I have yet to make the dal for tomorrow. Lentils are commonly eaten in Ethiopia in a stew-like dish called kik, or kik wot, one of the dishes people eat with Ethiopia's national food, injera flatbread. Lentil plant. Lentils contain the carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The seeds should be sown 3 to 4 centimetres (1 1⁄4 to 1 1⁄2 in) deep. It is also important that the soil is made friable and weed-free so that seeding could be done at a uniform depth. In agriculturally mechanized countries, lentils are planted using grain drills, but many other areas still hand broadcast. Growing lentils at home is totally possible. Suited to the damper, cooler climates of these regions, lentils are primarily expor… Types can be classified according to their size, whether they are split or whole, or shelled or unshelled. Among the different taxa of wild lentils, L. orientalis is considered to be the progenitor of the cultivated lentil and is now generally classified as L. culinaris subsp. Lentil dishes are most widespread throughout South Asia, the Mediterranean regions and West Asia. Water Lentils Water lentils are small, flowering plants that float on the surface of fresh water. Yellow lentils are used to make a non-spicy stew, which is one of the first solid foods Ethiopian women feed their babies. Seed coats can range from light green to deep purple, as well as being tan, grey, brown, black or mottled. Keep dried lentils in a jar or plastic container, preferably one that is airtight. They are packed with protein and dietary fiber, and are often believed a “superfood”. In North America much of the acreage is in eastern Washington, northern Idaho, and western Canada where drier growing season conditions prevail. Lentils can be eaten soaked, germinated, fried, baked or boiled – the most common preparation method. The flowering begins from the lowermost buds and gradually moves upward, so-called acropetal flowering. At the end of the second day and on the third day after the opening of the flowers, they close completely and the colour begins to fade. Thus, mutagenesis is crucial to create new and desirable varieties. Rice and lentils are also cooked together in khichdi, a popular dish in the Indian subcontinent (India and Pakistan); a similar dish, kushari, made in Egypt, is considered one of two national dishes. The pods are oblong, slightly inflated, and about 1.5 centimetres (5⁄8 in) long. Therefore, the genus Lens comprises seven taxa in six species:[1], Lentil is hypogeal, which means the cotyledons of the germinating seed stay in the ground and inside the seed coat.