This wild fig tree grows in southern Europe and southwestern Asia. In the Upper South, choose cold-hardy selections, such as ‘Brown Turkey' and ‘Celeste.' The Brunswick version Texas Everbearing sold around here is not even close to the Southern Brown Turkey in any regard. These include “Brown Turkey” (Ficus carica “Brown Turkey”), “Osborne” (Ficus carica “Osborne”) and “Celeste” (Ficus carica “Celeste”). If you live in the Middle South, plant near a wall with southern exposure (as did Thomas Jefferson) so the tree can benefit from reflected heat. The flesh is a bit course but is nearly seedless. Because it grows two harvests each year, the Brown Turkey is unique and highly sought-after. ‘Brown Turkey’ does well in Zones 7-9, but with extra attention will overwinter in Zone 6, as well. https://www.thisoldhouse.com/gardening/21301674/brown-turkey-fig-trees Sunday, August 9, 2015. Figs still have a huge presence in northern Africa and throughout the eastern Mediterranean, specifically Greece and Turkey. The name indicates that it might have been secured from their homeland by some Portuguese residents of the San Francisco Bay region, as suggested by Eisen (1901, p.264). Fig trees need winter protection in areas where the temperatures will drop below 25 degrees F. (-3 C.). It is a good fig to use in preserves and it will freeze well. ‘Brown Turkey’, which produces abundant medium to large figs. Container Growing. Fruit is relatively small, but it tastes good. "Mission" fig is good eaten fresh or dried. Serve with Fig Catsup on the side. In the Upper South, choose cold-hardy selections, such as ‘Brown Turkey' and ‘Celeste.' This fig can be grown in warmer climates, too, and it … If you are not comfortable giving a rating for a particular characteristic, it is best to leave it unrated and the review system will ignore that particular rating field for average ratings. Some varieties produce two crops- firstly the ‘breba’ crop (last year’s wood) and then the main crop (on new season’s wood). The flavorful fruit is small to medium-sized, and is sometimes compared to the fruit of another popular fig variety, ‘Brown Turkey.’ ‘Hardy Chicago’ grows 10-15 feet tall, and has a spread of 9-12 feet at maturity. Figs are usually planted in the spring after danger of frost but can be planted in the early fall. The tree can produce two crops a year, with figs ripening in early summer and again in late summer months. The "Kadota" fig is similar to its Italian counterpart, the "Dattato" fig. A large purplish-brown fig with good flavor. 18,889, as Negro Largo; and No. "Calimyrna" is the most common cultivar of the "Smyrna" fig. To add still further to the confusion, this variety is designated by some as Brunswick! Quality fair to good when matured on the tree. 1. This is different than “Brown Turkey,” which is really English/ Eastern/ European Brown Turkey or Southern Brown Turkey. Society (1916), E. A. Bunyard (1925, 1934), Arnold (1926), Davis (1928), and Fruit- Grower (1936); as Grosse Rouge de Bordeaux by Delbard (1947); as Negro d’Espagne by Hogg (1866) and Barron (1891); as San Pedro Black by Eisen (1888, 1901) and Kirkman (1922); as Portugal Black by Eisen (1901); as Brown Turkey by West (1882) and Condit (1921b, 1922b, 1933); as Douro Black by Wright (1894) and Eisen (1901); as Fico Nero by Vallese (1909); as Ficus carica violacea by Risso (1826); and as Breva Negra by Tamaro (1948). Or go to the Advanced Fig Varieties Search Page, DFIC 155, Abicou, Aubicout, Aubique of Provence, Aubique Noire, Black Aubique Of Provence, Black Douro, Black Genoa, Black Jack, Black Portugal, Black San Pedro, Black Spanish, Blue Burgandy, California Brown Turkey, Douro Nebra, Genoa Black, Granata, Improved Brown Turkey, Masui Dauphine (in Japan), Negro Largo (in England), Piombinese, Purple Genca, San Pedro, San Piero, Spanish Black, Thompson’s Improved Brown Turkey. DISCLOSURE: This site makes a small commission on purchases made when clicking on some of the links to other sites such as Amazon.com. Keep in mind that figs come in varying colors, in shades from purple to green to brown. This is different than “Brown Turkey,” which is really English/ Eastern/ European Brown Turkey or Southern Brown Turkey. Caprifigs. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. The best loved fig in America! It is eaten fresh or it is canned. Needs a warm, sheltered site or conservatory. Calimyrna Fig FIG Spring growth Ficus carica ‘Brown Turkey’ Fig Family Moraceae Trained Tree Deciduous (‘Brown Naples’) is a prolific and reliable variety. Fig Terminology, Abbreviations & Acronyms, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/accessiondetail.aspx?1003661, http://seattlegardenfruit.blogspot.com/2017/07/black-spanish-breba.html, https://www.ourfigs.com/forum/figs-home/354423-california-brown-turkey, https://figuesdumonde.wordpress.com/2016/09/16/abicou/. No. Brown Turkey figs (Ficus carica ‘Brown Turkey”) are sweet, delicious fruits that have rusty red to purplish skin and richly toned pink flesh. P.I. This fig will reliably produce two crops a year. This variety is described as Corbo by Porta (1592); as Grosse Violette Longue by La Quintinie (1692), Ballon (1692), Garidel (1715), Tournefort (1719), Merlet (1740), Knoop (1771), La Brousse (1774), Mirbel (1802) Rozier (1805), Lamarck (1817), and Bory de Saint Vincent (1824); as Genoa Black by Langley (1728), Miller (1768), Hanbury (1770), Forsyth (1803), Green (1824), George Lindley (1831), Rogers (1834), Hogg (1866), White (1868), Massey (1893), and Wright (1894); as San Piero or Sampiero by Tanara (1651), Gasparrini (1845, under Ficus polymorpha var. ‘Celeste’ produces small, sweet, purplish figs. The identity of Negro Largo with San Piero was confirmed by E. A. Bunyard (1934), who agreed with Hogg that it was known in France as Noire de Languedoc. It is so good that some serious gardeners will grow both figs to obtain the fruit. This cultivar is probably the most popular fig in the southeastern United States. (1945); as Albacor or Aubaco by Estelrich (1910); as Ficu Minni di Scava by Cupani (1696); as Negro Largo by Hogg (1869), Moore (1872), Hyde (1877), Barron (1869a, 1891), Coleman (1887b), Wright (1894), Forrer (1894), Wythes (1890a, 1902), Thomas (1902), Stubenrauch (1903), Bunyard and Thomas (1904), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Royal Hort. The "Brown Turkey" or "Spanish Mission" fig is an easy fig to grow. Hi Timothy, Sorry we are slow getting back to you. A large purplish-brown fig with good flavor. One way to assure that you grow a healthy fig tree in Maryland is to grow it in a container set on casters. Fig trees become large trees, but can be grown in large containers to keep the size of the tree down. The tree also has a smaller stature and can easily fit into most home gardens. The ficus carica is cold hardy in USDA hardiness zones 7-9 making it great for the southern United States. They are actually an inverted flower with both the male and female parts within. Figs suffer from few pest or disease issues. John Rock of Niles received Negro Largo from England in 1883; he obtained “Aubique Leroy” from France in 1889—the last part of the name was probably a misinterpretation of Noire. Brown Turkey produces large fruit with a purple-brown … Arguably the most widely cultivated and consumed figs in the world, these fruits are somewhat elongated and have a light brown skin.This variety of figs has been popularly cultivated for the past 300 years in parts of Europe and America, and are often what people imagine when they picture a fig. Caprified figs have darker color of skin, a deeper strawberry in the pulp, larger, fertile seeds, and better flavor, than uncaprified ones. Grown commercially in the US and Israel for fresh crops. This fig tree does not produce any fruits that can be eaten. ... Old Brown Turkey Fig Trees have survived single digit temperatures from time to time near the Willis family farm in southern Georgia. The flesh is rich and sweet. This tree will produce at a very young age. These pale green to pale yellow figs are sometimes called "white figs" for their light … A large purplish-brown fig … This type works best in warm climates, but is fairly tolerant of cooler temperatures, too. The trees are suited for a Mediterranean climate and produce prolifically, which in some areas makes them invasive. It also has shiny yellow-green skin and amber flesh. Your fig tree looks like it could be a Southern Brown Turkey (not to be confused with Southeastern Brown Turkey). The Title, Comments and Growing Conditions are the only required fields for General Reviews. Synonyms with question marks (?) No. Brown Turkey fig trees are self-pollinating, so you don’t need a 2nd tree to get fruit. It is able to survive colder winter temperatures than the warm weather figs. On the other hand, I’m totally in love with Italian Honey figs. The "Caprifig" fruit is hung nearby so fig wasps can transfer the pollen to the "Calimyrna" fig. (Australia). One of the most prevalent figs in the southern US. Very good against walls in Northern areas. Soil pH should be in the 6.0 to 6.5 range. are contested or require more research. As San Piero: Described as San Piero by Gallesio (1817), with the following synonyms: Corbo at Pescia, Piombinese at Pisa, Nero at Massa and Sardegna Rubicone in Lunigiana, Arbicone at Genoa, Minna di Schiavo in Sicily Fallugiana at Abruzzes, Aubique Noire in Provence, and Breva Negra in Spain. If you are not comfortable giving a rating for a particular characteristic, it is best to leave it unrated and the review system will ignore that particular rating field for average ratings. It is one of the best figs to grow in Texas. In Japan, San Piero is grown under the name Masui Dauphine. 18,882, as Black Douro; No. Bake until slightly firm and the turkey is cooked through, 15 to 20 more minutes. Fig tree care in winter takes a little work, but the reward for winterizing a fig tree is delicious, home-grown figs year after year. Brown Turkey fig has been grown throughout the world. A strong growing tree.” Offered by Goodman’s in 1903 catalogue & still offered for sale by Daley’s Nursery a popular backyard variety. 18,872, as Large Black Douro; No. The outside of the "Brown Turkey" fig is of course brown, and the inner flesh is an amber pink color. This one will grow wherever figs are hardy. Fig trees are spectacular as a fan espalier. The description of San Pietro or Mecklingea by Glady (1883) conforms more with San Piero than with San Pietro. Each type of fig typically ripens at a different type of the year as well. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. This is an advantage where spring frosts commonly damage fig trees. This is different than “Brown Turkey,” which is really English/ Eastern/ European Brown Turkey or Southern Brown Turkey. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! The date of first introduction of San Piero into California is not known with certainty. The Title, Comments and Growing Conditions are the only required fields for Main Crop Reviews. Figs can grow to about 15 feet tall and just as wide in Florida conditions. The first crop is small and arrives in late spring or early summer. When to Plant. The Southern Brown Turkey is an excellent tasting fig which I have heard is a bud sport of Celeste. Essentially, “California Brown Turkey” is the modern name for the San Piero variety. This fig has mahogany colored skin and strawberry colored flesh. If Brown Turkey is in- jured by freezing, it produces fair- to-good crops on sucker wood the next season. Selon Gallesio (1772-1839), décrite sous le nom d…, Common Fig with Various Dark Shades of Red or Brown or Violet to Black Skin and Various Shades of Red Pulp, Click for descriptions of Ross' flavor groups, Image Credit: Ben B Nguyen of Seattle Garden & Fruit Adventures, 1=Late, 2=Mid-Late, 3=Mid, 4=Early-Mid, 5=Early, 1=Tiny, 2=Small, 3=Medium, 4=Large, 5=Giant, 1=None-Little, 2=Light, 3=Moderate, 4=Elevated, 5=Heavy, 1=Leather, 2=Chewy, 3=Average, 4=Soft, 5=Very Soft, 1=Large, 2=Open, 3=Small, 4=Closed, 5=Tight, DISCLOSURE: This site makes a small commission on purchases made when clicking on some of the links to other sites such as. The outer skin of this fig is also amber colored. She has an Associate of Applied Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College. Nice …, I bought this Celeste NOT tree on sale at Lowe’s last year and planted it in ground here in Central Arkansas without any protection. For reasons not now apparent, the name Negro Largo was dropped, and Black San Pedro was substituted for it. As San Piero: This fig needs to be pollinated to set good crops of fruit. It is not the best tree for colder regions. Essentially, “California Brown Turkey” is the modern name for the San Piero variety. Her teaching experience for Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles. Choose a fig suitable for your climate and they are easy to grow. I find the California Brown Turkey to be very bland tasting. Plan ahead since the sugar-coated figs sit overnight before cooking. ; If you want to freeze some preserves, leave at least an inch of space at the top of the jar. Many of the trees still growing there are considered "Heirloom" varieties because they have been kept pure by the growers. Space 8' to 10' circle Zones 6-9. Brown Turkey fig has been grown throughout the world. It looks nothing like the Southern Brown Turkey. Brown fruit with amber flesh. Which confuses the matter even more. Click on the following article for more information. ‘Brown Turkey’:The classic fig for British gardens, heavy cropping, producing a mass of tasty fruit. This is a yellow to green, nearly seedless fig. The tree also has a smaller stature and can easily fit into most home gardens. Well-adapted in California. ‘Brown Turkey’, which produces abundant medium to large figs.This type works best in warm climates, but is fairly tolerant of cooler temperatures, too. To keep the tree to a reasonable size one needs to know which variety they have and what pruning works best. San Piero trees have been found in the eastern United States at the following places: Saxis, Hampton Institute, and Diamond Springs, Virginia; and Accomac and Crisfield, Maryland. Brown Turkey figs are originally from Provence, France. 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