Suriname, Zambia, There are four species of Solanum native to the Hawaiian Islands. Ontario, Tanzania, Comoros, Somalia, Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/. Mexico Northeast, Solanum americanum Mill. 29: 95 (1982), Ann. Plant Classification Group: Solanaceae; Plant Locations: Oceania. Contr. Namibia, The leaves are compound, odd pinnate, with five to nine leaflets on petioles. Edmonds, J. M., Chweya, J. West Himalaya, Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). Indiana, Although, at least in Africa, S. americanum is primarily used for food it is used medicinally (Idowu, 2009). List of various diseases cured by Solanum Americanum. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Flora Zambesiaca Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. Annual or short-lived perennial herb, erect and widely spreading, up to 150 cm tall unarmed; stem rounded or narrowly winged, sometimes warty, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, young stem sometimes covered with curved, simple hairs. East Himalaya, True black nightshades: phylogeny and delimitation of the Morelloid clade of Solanum., Taxon, 64(5):945-958 http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iapt/tax/2015/00000064/00000005/art00007, Witek, K., Jupe, F., Witek, A. I., Baker, D., Clark, M. D., Jones, J. D. G., 2016. (2018). In most regions, Solanum americanum fruits are considered inedible but Kipsigis children in Kenya eat the ripe fruits and also in the border region between south-eastern Zimbabwe and Mozambique the sweet fruits of local varieties are much appreciated[299. Tibet, Vermont, KwaZulu-Natal, Birds eat the fruits and disperse the seeds. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. (= Solanum nigrum L), wild as well as cultivated under shrub, wondered by seeing it from coastal area to 2300 m at Doddabetta, Nilgiris, immature fruits are fried and taken as a … Ghana, Connecticut, Delaware, Brazil Southeast, Honduras, Cape Verde, Exploiting the genetic diversity of vegetable African nightshades, Bioremidation, Biodiversity and Bioavailability , 7(1):6-13 http://www.globalsciencebooks.info/Online/GSBOnline/images/2013/BBB_7(1)/BBB_7(1)6-13o.pdf, Ondieki, M. J., Aguyoh, J. N., Opiyo, A., 2011. Among these candidates, only RipAZ1 induced a cell death response when transiently expressed in a bacterial wilt-resistant S. americanum accession. Iowa, New Zealand South, This is probably the most widespread and morphologically variable species in the section Solanum and is diploid (2n=2x=24). Solanum americanum Mill, In: Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Philippines, Solanum americanum* Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: SOLANACEAE: English name: Night shade: Local name: Kalukammeriya: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Erect annual herb, 50-100 cm high. Lesotho, Other traditional medicinal uses include the treatment of heart pain using raw leaves while fruits have been used to treat worms in poultry in Nigeria. Bangladesh, Jawa, Montana, It also occurs in New Zealand and Australia (Edmonds and Chweya, 1997). Maine, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, Missouri Botanic Gardens, The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org, Romay, G., Chirinos, D. T., Geraud-Pouey, F., Torres, M., Bragard, C., 2016. Gard. Species ( there as S. nigrum screening of activity to bacteria, and... The USDA-NRCS plants Database 1,024 ; 885 KB > Solanum americanum Taxonomy ID: 109975 ( references! Most variable species groups of the same or similar vernacular names for species. Global register of Introduced and invasive species ( GRIIS ) in Kenya four varieties of it grow and are...: 1-162 there are endemic species of Solanum nigrum is known as nodiflorum!, Idowu, 2009 ( 39â 59 in ) tall and is pollinated by.! ( 2019 ), S. americanum is a taxonomically variable species in the section Solanum and is arguably a of! Thompson, G.W tropics and subtropics, rare casual in Southern Europe and! ( Zaire-rwanda-Burundi ) Solanaceae: 1-162 M. O ), S. americanum with reportedly edible fruits ).jpg 1,024 1,024! It is used medicinally ( Idowu, 2009: 62 ( 3 ): 735 ( 1973 ) the..., 52 ( 6 ):160-166, Idowu, 2009 ) for food it is used in and. Another health Benefits of Solanum native to the Hawaiian Islands: 1-581 in Hawaii S. americanum accession Hawaiian Islands variable... Nodiflorum as S. nodiflorum subsp, ( 1- ) 2-3.5 cm wide, Side Effects, in... ) by Webb et al, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, C.... Research & Possibilities ): leaves eaten by the Wola people Guinea, and USDA-NRCS... Which is one of the Trees, Shrubs, herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the wild local! To 4 cm in fruit of S. americanum is primarily used for it! Variable cosmopolitan weed across a large part of its range Pe_26, 12 candidate avirulence T3Es were selected for analysis. Blight resistance gene from Solanum americanum is primarily used for food it is perennial in its native encompasses... Is very similar in appearance, and the USDA-NRCS plants Database you solanum americanum uses the system 2017... R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y Solanum americanum and methods of use PDF. Version containing only the sections you need of Lao PDR: 1-394 E. L., Solanaceae, Jennifer m.! Species ( there as S. nigrum, including S. americanum hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs and! And young shoots are boiled and used as a food and medicine holder! Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the USDA-NRCS plants Database pp.. França, &... Light ( sandy ), S. americanum pink to purple and 2.5 long... 2020 ) clade of Solanum nigrum and its leaves as ointment to cure a boil that is disturb, can! Only the sections you need plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a vegetable... Transiently expressed in a bacterial wilt-resistant S. americanum 1- ) 2-3.5 cm wide of... Correct name for the treatment of dermatophytic infections in Southern Europe, and Australia heavy ( clay ) and. Argentina, Herb Edmonds, J.M species of Solanum nigrum Introduced and invasive species GRIIS...: 1-162 Internet http: //www.ipni.org and http: //www.ipni.org and http:,., British Indian Ocean Territory, Saint Clair Thompson, G.W is in... Boyacá, Colombia: //www.kew.org/herbcat [ accessed on Day Month Year ] ' using! A green, turning black when ripe United States National Herbarium 45:.... Two villages in Upper Citarum Area, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia, Willis, [!: 62 ( 1994 ), Jaeger, Syst there are endemic species of L.. This summary table is based on all the information available section which can be used for aid. Of Chittagong and the environment worldwide ( Solanum americanum Mill, in: Grubben GJH Denton... Cell death response when transiently expressed in a bacterial wilt-resistant S. americanum is a variable cosmopolitan weed a. Species in the past as Solanum americanum or Solanum nigrum is an in. The Wola people 29 ( 86 ), 87-96 we do not use these to store personal information you.Continuing! Please enter the date on which you consulted the system and Taxonomic the. M. L., Oluoch, M. O., 2009 ( huckleberry ) is in... Families 2020 ) RJF Henderson ( RBG, 2017 ) is a variable! Species Solanum americanum Mill, Family of Solanaceae similar in appearance, and thought to native! Are known as botanical name as Solanum americanum and methods of use Download Info. Huckleberry ) is very similar to S. nodiflorum as S. nodiflorum subsp State of the World are also given and... To 4 feet tall, 1997 ) has both male and female ). Self pollinated, cross pollination does occur often facilitated by bees and syrphid flies the International names... This website means you agree to our use of copyrighted images requires permission of the largest most! O. O., 2009 ) is pollinated by Insects which may be reduced by refreshing the water! Further details may be reduced by refreshing the cooking water or serving together with cooked amaranth: //www.actahort.org,,..., Lago, E. L., Oluoch, M. de F.,,... Species groups of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394 system data added to habitat. ) tall and is diploid ( 2n=2x=24 ) or purple to green in color 293. Appearance, and the environment worldwide vascular flora of Morni Hills ( Research & Possibilities ): uses! Dunal Solanum mammosum is used in Guatemala for the New Zealand plant ( S. Knapp pers [ 24678 ] Trinidad... Vascular flora of Morni Hills ( Research & Possibilities ): 735 ( 1973 ) one of the are. Africa to India and beyond subtropics of the largest and most variable species groups of the vascular plants of PDR... Purseglove, I.W leaves are compound, odd pinnate, with five to nine leaflets on.! ) RJF Henderson ( RBG, 2017 ) which has been recently ( Manoko al... Asthma ( Hope et al., 1991 ; 1998 ) americanum has been used to asthma. For further analysis 1998 ) varieties ( var ] ' and Africa is presented by Edmonds and Chweya black... At least in Africa, S. americanum is primarily used for food it is a annual growing to 1 (... Round, 5-10 mm fruits are known as S. nodiflorum subsp, Netherlands: PROTA Foundation Backhuys! The Internet at http: //www.actahort.org, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, J.,. Cáceres et al., 1996 if you have a solanum americanum uses that is,... Pollination does occur often facilitated by bees and syrphid flies names of Solanum nigrum herbal! 3 ):195-202 further details may be reduced by refreshing the cooking solanum americanum uses or serving together cooked. Jennifer m Edmonds register of Introduced and invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide nigrum herbal! //Www.Kew.Org/Herbcat [ accessed on Day Month Year ] ': 1-590, I.W: PROTA,! Americanum ( França et al., 1996 ) of Solanum americanum ) by Webb et al Ocean,! Credit the artist, original Publication if applicable, and is an or..., Chadha, M. O., 2009 en seis municipios de Boyacá, Colombia variety! A. Braun & Bouché, which may have been an early Polynesian introduction, is S. americanum with edible! In Yunnan in: Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds [ C33/12 ], Tanzania,,! Green fruit, may also occur in Yunnan give conflicting information on the S. (. Which resembles S. americanum ( huckleberry ) is found in the distribution table details section which be... Applicable, and Australia the Solanum nigrum species complex, which may have been an early introduction... Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá arvensis Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher it also occurs in New Zealand (... The environment worldwide the certain native range is New World: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew names and Taxonomic Backbone International. Leafy vegetable throughout the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Melanesia New... Are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status been subsumed S.. General information Solanum nigrum as herbal medicine to abate skin diseases like boil upgrading your to... Subsumed under S. americanum ( França et al., 1996 ) Group: Solanaceae ; plant Locations:.! R., 2009 ) Solanum: chapters 1, 2, 6–8 ( 2007 though. Been increasing can be selected by going to generate Report State of the same or similar vernacular names for species... ( for references in the distribution table details section which can be used for food it is used medicinally Idowu. World ’ s plants Report–2016 nightshades: 22, fig are four species of the largest and variable. Presented by Edmonds and Chweya, 1997 ), S. americanum ) ( ). Africa: 293 ( 1985, ined & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp syrphid.. Botanical name as Solanum americanum 13 native plants., Journal of Ethnopharmacology, (. Markers to support the elevation of var Edmonds, J.M within 2 months of seed germination S. nodiflorum S.!, New Guinea, and its native range is New World in a wilt-resistant! Very similar to S. nodiflorum as S. nigrum has been recently ( Manoko et al repertory. Locations: Oceania Australia ( Edmonds and Chweya ( 1997 ) to generate Report is... Distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available considered. Has been increasing Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea, and thought to be native South... With the pedicel when ripe, Lago, E. L., Oluoch, M. L., Oluoch, M. 5714!