Introduction Citrus is native to a large area, which extends from Himalayan foot hills of northeast India to north-central China, the Philippines in east and Burma, Thailand, Indonesia and New Caledonia in Southeast. USA and France are the two largest importers of Indian sandalwood oil. The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and unlike many other aromatic woods, they retain their fragrance for decades. Sandalwood oil is extracted from the heartwood by steam distillation. He owns 150 acres of high security farm land with sandalwood cultivation. My first attempts were unsuccessful; however I kept at if for several years, and have managed to get some sandalwood up and going in my remnant Jam bushland. Kenya Forestry Research Institute has The profitability of sandalwood cultivation was assessed in the present study through B-CA using indicators like NPV, B/C ratio, IRR, EAI and LEV. Growing of Sandalwood has the potential of meeting demand for sandalwood oil sustainably and changing the focus from exploiting what is available in nature to cultivation of the species as an economic enterprise. Model Profile of 1.0 ha Citrus cultivation 1. Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum.The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and, unlike many other aromatic woods, they retain their fragrance for decades. Practice Sandalwood and host plant maintenance. Explain harvesting and utilization activities. 2 Normative references The following documents for the application of this document is essential. Sandalwood is a commercially and culturally important plant species especially in India belonging to the family Santalaceae. Mukim . Sandalwood is often cited as one of the most expensive woods in the world. Sandalwood markets. Sandalwood Depot in Aranya Bhavan, Mysuru, Karnataka. Sandalwood (Santalum album) has been part of Indian culture and heritage for thousands of years, and was one of the first items traded with other countries. Market Value: 15,000 tonnes of true sandalwood are produced annually [1] to meet market demand, commanding between $1100 to 2800 US per kg . Papaya cultivation in India is a very profitable and relatively safe agriculture business. The wood is valued in carving because of its dense character. Sandalwood cultivation technical regulations 1 Scope This standard specifies the suitable cultivation area of sandalwood in our country and afforestation technology. Sandalwood management techniques carried out by the . However, growing Sandalwood is curtailed by lack of guidelines on its cultivation. Sandalwood oils 1. International demand for sandalwood is estimated to the 10,000 mt per year. Imports into the Middle are also increasing. Year round production of floricultural crops and Off-season production of They are typically multi­stemmed and somewhat bushy, at­ taining a height of 5–10 m (16–33 ft) or larger at maturity, Introduction: Sandalwood oil, distilled from the heart wood and roots of the sandalwood tree, is one of the most valuable essential oils, valued by perfumers for its woody notes, providing a deep rich base note to perfumes and acting as a natural fixative. The details of expenditure incurred in cultivation of sandalwood as a sole crop, tur dal as sole crop and intercrop cultivation of sandalwood and tur dal on per hectare basis are presented in Tables 1-3. It now attempts to grow more sandalwood both in situand ex-situ by inter-plantation methods.8 The case of East Indian Sandalwood is particularly Sandalwood starts flowering at an early age (3–4 years); however, good seeds can be obtained from seeds over 20 years old. The heartwood yields fragrant oil, which is used mainly in the perfume industry but also has medicinal properties. 5. Over-exploitation and illegal traffic have caused production to decline drastically in recent years. Status and Cultivation of Sandalwood in India1 Shobha N. Ral2 Abstract: Sandalwood (Santalum album) has been part of Indian culture and heritage for thousands of years, and was one of the first items traded with other countries. 1. f. The training target group Project Report on Sandalwood Plantation Detailed Project Reports cover all the aspects of Sandalwood Plantation business, from Profitability and Market of Sandalwood. 5,37,450 Land & other infrastructures per acre Rs. [color-box]Download pdf[/color-box] Farmers Affected: Difficult to estimate because of illegal trade. 3.2 Management technique . Cultivation economics As estimated by HFRC, 500 trees can be planted in a hectare and after 25 years minimum 500kg of heartwood/tree can be obtained. The shape and size of the leaves vary considerably. Thus it can be concluded that the cultivation of sandalwood absolutely requires the host plant. This standard applies to sandalwood plantation cultivation. Export of Red Sanders in value added form is also permissible under the Indian laws. Host plants have been identified >70 species, but their influence varies greatly on the growth and development of sandalwood. A short summary of this paper. The sandalwood tree reaches a height of 18 m and 2.4 m girth. A study was conducted to investigate the population dynamics of F. virgata infesting sandalwood in Bangalore, India and The invention discloses a quick sandalwood cultivation method which enables sandalwood to grow to 5 meters in height after planting for 5-5.5 years by spreading specially prepared fertilizer to leaf surfaces of the sandalwood. Download Full PDF Package. In the past four years, 2,800 ha of agricultural land came under sandalwood cultivation in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand, apart from Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. No of sandalwood trees eligible for extraction 305 Quantity of heart wood expected per tree-15 kgs 4575 kgs Average cost of sandalwood heart wood (Rs. 18,15,000 NET PROFIT WOULD BE MORE THAN Rs. Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum. The extraction and export of sandalwood was the first international industry in Vanuatu, and was driven primarily by Australian merchants. ... Project planning etc. Singh, Chief Executive Officer of Karnataka State Medicinal Plants Authority, has expressed concern that the Forest Department had not bothered to promote cultivation of sandalwood … community are still traditional, Practice Sandalwood and host plant planting. 2,50,00,000/ Acre (Approx.) 3. and regulations associated with sandalwood in an attempt to spice up production through encouraging private domestication of sandalwood. The average yield of oil ranges from 3.0% to 6.0%. cultivation from the authorities. Sandalwood has become a boom market, as rising demand combined with a supply shortage has led to between 20 and 25% annual price increases, resulting in a litre of sandalwood oil retailing five times higher than an equivalent amount of silver. The heartwood of the tree is treasured for its aroma and is one of the finest natural materials for carving. U.V. The striped mealy bug Ferrisia virgata is turned as one of the major sandalwood pests due to its inter-cultivation with horticultural crops. Sandalwood: history, uses, present status and the future A. N. Arun Kumar*, Geeta Joshi and H. Y. Mohan Ram Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) is a valuable tree associated with Indian culture. The highest quality sandalwood variety can fetch a price of up to Rs 10,000 per kg. The story of Rangaswamy, a farmer of Ragibaikanahalli in Hassan district of Karnataka, is very interesting. The bark is reddish brown to dark brown. To encourage sandalwood cultivation, the Karnataka Forests Act, Tamil Nadu Forests Act, Kerala Forests Act and Andhra Pradesh forests Act have been amended. The technology is ideally suited for vegetables and flower crops where uniformity in yield is very important. India used to be the largest producer of sandalwood oil, meeting over 80 percent of world demand. It is the second most expensive wood in the world. Papaya can be cultivated for vegetable, fruit, latex and dry leaves. then, let me tell you; today I am here with an article which will provide you the basic info on how to start a profitable pearl farming in India (Gujarat, Maharashtra) Pearl farming at Home, Starting from its basic to … The museum has been conceptualised to spread awareness about the history and cultivation of sandalwood products as well as behold their awe-inspiring variety in the display. 2. 3. T he most expensive wood in the world could be sandalwood tree. This paper. The Sandalwood museum will be inaugurated after November 25 and the state government will The export of sandalwood to China began in the late 1820s and continued for 30 years. 4. Sandalwood (Santalum album) is perhaps best known in the west as a sweet, warm, rich and woody essential oil closely associated with the indigenous religious and spiritual traditions of India.It has been used in traditional medicine for thousands of years but also as an ingredient in fragrant products such as incense, perfumes, aftershaves, skin care and other cosmetics. Practice Sandalwood and host plant seedling activities. Santalum ellipticum, S. freycinetianum, S. haleakalae, S. paniculatum (Hawaiian sandalwood) InTrODUCTIOn Hawaiian sandalwood species are small trees that occur naturally in open, drier forest and woodland communities. The sale and processing of sandalwood … Colonization and sea trade in 18 th & 19 th centauries has introduced several species of sandalwood from Pacific and Oceania to the Sandalwood trade. The world market is worth up to $27 billion US. The yield may be 10-12 times higher than that of outdoor cultivation depending upon the type of greenhouse, type of crop, environmental control facilities. Santalum album, or Indian sandalwood, is a small tropical tree, and the traditional source of sandalwood oil.It is native to southern India and Southeast Asia.It is considered sacred in some religions, and some cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. Profitable Pearl (Moti) Farming; Guide & Tips for Beginners Hey, Friends!! The heartwood yields fragrant oil, which is used mainly in the perfume industry but also has medicinal properties. 6000/ Kg) Rs.2,74,50,000 Total Expenditure incurred per acre Rs. Uses: Perfume, cosmetics, religious uses and rituals SynBio Companies: Evolva [More] are you thinking of freshwater pearl farming or how to grow pearl at home only? Australian Sandalwood is a unique native tree crop, grown for its high value aromatic heartwood over a 20 – 25 year rotation, with potential to generate income … 3 2. Explain the policies on Sandalwood cultivation. Sandalwood oil is extracted from the woods for use. Discover how to start papaya farming in India and make profit. The leaves are opposite and decussate. Thus one can expect 2,50,000 kg of wood from one hectare plantation. Various host plants will improve the quality of its oil content. My first attempts at sandalwood cultivation on our west Koorda property was in 1996, when I began hand planting sandalwood nuts amongst remnant stands of Jam (Acacia acuminata). to produce seedlings for sandalwood cultivation in large numbers, so it is expected to be able to increase the successfull of sandalwood cultivation [13]. 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