Be as the stars at least; which are said to affect these inferior bodies by their influences, motion, and light. Salt operates internally, in the mass with which it comes in contact; the sunlight operates externally, irradiating all that it reaches. . on a lampstand.". Three things are necessary to render a work good. (S. Partridge, M. seven lamps, became forever associated with the nation.Â. How shine. 9), everlasting blessedness (vers. I. For that it is enough to be a light. It is the fashion to depreciate creeds, but it is questionable whether without them Christianity would not long have faded from the earth. But be ye blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation (as the Baptist was), among whom ye shine as lights in the world; as those great lights ( φωστηρις, luminaria, Philippians 2:15), the sun and moon (so the word signifieth), so that they that speak evil of you may be judged as absurd as those Atlantes that curse the rising sun because it scorcheth them. : This city is the Church of which it is said, "Glorious things are spoken of thee, thou city of God." Ancient cities were built on hills for defence, and were clearly visible. Let our song be like that of the skylark, as he rises with dewy breast from his lowly earth-couch, singing as he soars, until, unseen in the deep blue above, he rains a shower of melody on the listening earth. “You know, Jesus is the Light of the world, but after He died on the cross, He went back up into heaven.” You are like light. 5. (43-48) Commentary on Matthew 5:1,2 (Read Matthew 5:1,2) None will find happiness in this world or the next, who do not seek it from Christ by the rule of his word. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. Much might be said on that mode of witnessing Christ which consists in conforming to His Church. II. The certainty that if we are light we shall shine. exalted unto heaven, Matthew 11:23 or to the city of Jerusalem, which was situated on a very considerable eminence. We should learn in them to see our own faults, and to mend them. - with reference to the vast and variegated surface which feels its fructifying and gladdening radiance. Safed is truly a high tower, on which to set the watchmen of Zion. According to our place in life, so God expects from us that we should shine out in the darkness of the world which yet knows not Him. IV. Yet it all came true. Supposing it be clearly our duty to manifest our religious profession in this pointed way before another, in order to do so modestly we must do it kindly and cheerfully, as gently as we can; not making matters worse than they are, or showing our whole Christian stature when we need but put out a hand or give a glance. There may have been a hint here in Jesus’ words of how this tiny group of disciples will grow in numbers until they become like a populous city. That they may see your good works, not yourselves, but your actions. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. Beyond is the vast plateau of the Hauron, faintly shading with its rocky ranges the utmost horizon eastward. Kiddushin, fol. Belief has nothing to do with that which is obvious to sight. 2. Now therefore as the tree of life was sweet to the taste and fair to the eye; and as in Absalom there was no blemish from head to foot; so should it be with God’s ministers. Certainly they are quite sufficient to suggest the name. There must be light in nature, or the plant will dwindle, the animal will pine, the world will become joyless and waste; there must be light, too, in the world of spirits, or discord and confusion will reign where harmony and order ought to be. II. I. A town built on a hill cannot be hidden. Oh, sir,” said he, “look at that dark and stormy sea. The influence of salt is internal, of light, external; hence ‘earth’ (Matthew 5:13), and here ‘world,’ both referring to society or mankind, the latter more to its organized external form. So also Ephesians 5:8; ἦτε σκότος, νῦν δὲ φῶς ἐν κυρίῳ—light, as partaking of His Light: for πᾶν τὸ φανερούμενον (see note, ib. He places his lamp upon a stand, who subdues his body to the ministry of the word, setting the preaching of the truth highest, and subjecting the body beneath it. It is true that all worship is worthless which is not the offering of the heart, but truth embodied in outward institutions lives. Goshen only has light: Christians once dark; hut have received light. ", "and they shall glorify your Father which is in heaven.". Read Introduction to Matthew “ You are the light of the world. The full meaning of that article of the Creed, ‘I believe in the Holy Catholic Church,’ should be dear to us. (W. W. Kindled from the Sun, they are to go forth and cast their light upon the world. God is in Heaven and they are on the earth. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. The lampstand is the Church, on which He set the lamp, when He affixed to our foreheads the faith of His incarnation. [Psalms 119:105] They who light this lamp are the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Be not a flashing meteor, exciting transitory curiosity with thy blaze of profession. IV. This Christian profession should be made in union with the Church of Christ. 1. God alone can light you; teachers may polish. He subjoins two comparisons. If they are faithful as the lamp of God they cannot help but shine, and through their lives, as well as with their lips, they will thus give testimony to Jesus. The true disciple’s position and calling. 16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in … We know too well how helpless and hopeless we must look to those who judge Jesus Christ by us. But the principle guide in cases like these is not to be found so much in an external rule as in a spiritually enlightened discrimination, which feels instinctively when is the time for secrecy and when for publicity. The end with a view to which the exhibition takes place. The holy and exemplary lives of Christians will so powerfully represent to unbelievers the reasonableness and excellency of the Christian religion, as well as the usefulness and advantage of it, towards the present and future happiness and well-being of mankind, that they will be led to examine into the grounds of it. Now the more obvious and modest way of discountenancing evil is by silence, and by separating from it: for example, we are bound to keep aloof from deliberate and open sinners. The instruction of Jesus about being a light of the world is found in Matthew 5:14-16. “Take heed that ye do not your alms before men to be seen of them.” Secrecy in good deeds is not absolute, but relative; not positive, and for its own sake, but in order to exhibit the vitiating effect of ostentation. Matthew 5:14, CSB: ""You are the light of the world. "You are the light of the world. A city located on a hill can’t be hidden. Remove a difficulty which may have arises from an apparent inconsistency between our text and the words of our Lord in a subsequent part of His discourse. Tabor looks low, and Huttin seems to be in a valley. We can bury the light of the Word under cowardly and indifferent silence. By the exertions which we make for the conversion of our fellow men. For we are in the world. If he had said, the kingdom of antichrist foretold by St Paul, and likewise by John the divine, he had divined aright. Jesus reminds his disciples that they are to to be like lamps and reveal the truth before men. Theophanes, Zonaras, and Cedrenus report the like of Constans, nephew to Heraclitus, 340 years before Otho. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden.” 5:14. The answer is, "I believe that Jesus Christ founded, eighteen centuries ago, a Christian kingdom—a city, a community, having certain fixed laws of order and rules of living, a principle of continuity by a ministerial succession—for the purpose of maintaining certain truths and dispensing certain heavenly gifts; that Christ pledged to it His own perpetual presence and superintending providence." In him (as in a picture in a glass window) every little blemish will be soon seen: and, as in the celestial bodies, every small aberration will be quickly noted and noticed. Dr. Philip W. McLarty. Matthew 5:11; Matthew 5:13), then that would be conduct as opposed to the purpose for which you are destined as if a town set on a hill should wish to be concealed, or if one were to place (Matthew 5:15) a light under a bushel. Tantam esse morum integritatem, ut nec hostes reperiant quod calumnientur. And of Mr Bucer it is reported that he brought all men with such admiration of him, that neither his friends could sufficiently praise him, nor his enemies in any point find fault with his singular life and sincere doctrine. II. . Matthew 5:14, KJV: "Ye are the light of the world.A city that is … III. Intro and Recap: a. It is the most successful method of reproving wrong-doing. We stand for Him. . 14. Hence it appears that we ought frequently to contemplate the examples of good men, out of which there are so many and so great advantages to be drawn. Their character. “A city set on a hill cannot be hid.” Jesus’ idea is that the city has been set there by God, just as He has now set the disciples in the world as His witnesses. A city located on a hill can’t be hidden. 2 Peter 1:19. The prohibition is of religious acts from a wrong motive, “that they may be seen of men.” The reproof of ostentation does not apply when the motive is already good. I must refer its beginning to a power not of this earth before it can present itself as an object of my faith. A city that is set on an hill.—Assuming the Sermon on the Mount to have been preached from one of the hills of Galilee near the “horns of Hattin,” our Lord may have looked or pointed at Safed, 2,650 feet above the sea, commanding one of the grandest panoramic views in Palestine. i., p. 152. They become the light of the world, because He is ‘the true light,’ and makes them partakers of His light. God had promised David that he would always 14. τὸ φῶς τοῦ κός.] I feel every night as I look at my burner as if all the eyes of all the sailors of the world were looking at my lights, and watching me!” If such was his care of lights, the extinction of which could lead only to temporal catastrophes, oh I what should be ours! Taylor. All men’s eyes will be upon you. 3. : and it was usual for the head of a school, or of an university to be styledF16Juchasin. A personal work to every man who is the subject of it. Light of the world, עולם נר ner olam, was a title applied to the most eminent rabbins. Ye are the light of the world — If ye are thus holy, you can no more be hid than the sun in the firmament: no more than a city on a mountain - Probably pointing to that on the brow of the opposite hill. Anciently cities, for the sake of defense, were placed on hills. O ur Lord Jesus, in Matthew 5:14-16, uses a metaphor to teach us something very important. The eyes of the world were upon them. The world (though unjustly) looks for angelical perfection in them: and as the least deviation in a star is soon noted, so is it in such. Or, for that salt preserves a thing in its present state that it should not change for the worse, but that light brings it into a better state by enlightening it; therefore the Apostles were first called salt with respect to the Jews and that Christian body which had the knowledge of God, and which they keep in that knowledge; and now light with respect to the Gentiles whom they bring to the light of that knowledge. The eye was not made any more for beauty in the outward world than a man’s moral nature was made for beauty in the moral world. . A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid - nor can it be supposed to have been so built except to be seen by many eyes. And because His disciples have been given a prominent position, they also cannot be hid. Bab. 1. ver 1. ( Roma; nec inficiantur Iesuitae, Revelation 18:2) Joannes de Columna in his Mare Historiarum telleth us that Otho the emperor was once in a mind to make Rome the seat of his empire, as of old it had been. Example is the source of the Christian’s most powerful influence on the world. Matthew 5:14. τὸ φῶς τοῦ κόσμου] As the natural light illumines the world, which in itself is dark, so are ye intended to spiritually enlighten humanity. The visitor to a lighthouse is struck with the perfect cleanness of everything about the lantern or the lamps. Read Matthew 5:14-16. Tabor looks low, and Huttin seems to be in a valley. The light of the world. Matthew 5:14. This Light of Jesus should be so brightly shining, that no one need ask if we are saved; but they should be quick to see the glow of this Light within us. The inference which our Saviour draws from the foregoing doctrine, ye are the light of the world, therefore let your light shine before men. Hilary: Or, the lamp, i.e. Light is opposed to darkness, and dispels it; is the symbol of truth and holiness. There lies Gennesaret, like a mirror set in framework of dark mountains and many-faced hills. . These were “ burning and shining lights “ in the darkness; these displayed the glory of the Saviour’s love and power to save, in the very midst of Satan’s empire. Or, "the house" may be the world itself, according to what He said above, "Ye are the light of the world. John MacArthur is right when he says you can boil down this section of salt and light with one word: influence. ‘The world’ may not here have the same wide significance as in Matthew 28:19. 14 “You are the light of the world. There is another side of the Christian religion—namely, that of witnessing for God in the midst of perverse generations. They will ascribe to God the power by which we have been made what we are. Farther, Christ teaches them the end why he communicated light unto them, namely, to enlighten, direct, and quicken others: even as the sun in the firmament, and a candle in the house, diffuses and disperses its light to all that are within reach of it; so should all Christians, and particularly Christ's ministers, by the light of life and doctrine, direct people in their way towards heaven. 7. אור העולם, "the light of the world"; as R. Jochanan ben Zaccai is by his disciples, נר עולם, "the lamp of the world"F15Abot R. Nathan, c. 25. fol. For that is now their very purpose for being in the world. 4. 2. Stanley and Thomson (‘Sinai and Palestine,’ p. 429: ‘The Land and the Book,’ p. 273), have thought that, notwithstanding the fact shewn by Robinson, that the actual city of Safed was not in existence at this time, some ancient portion of it, at all events its fortress, which is ‘as aged in appearance as the most celebrated ruins in the country’ (Thomson), may have been before the eye of our Lord as He spoke. Those disciples who sat on the Mount did go forth, did mould and shape and change the whole face of the world. (W. M. "A few points toward the north (of Tabor) appears that which they call the Mount of Beatitudes, a small rising, from which our blessed Savior delivered his sermon in the fifth, sixth, and seventh chapters of Matthew. “You are the light of the world.” As we have seen the idea comes from the fact that Jesus Himself has come as a light into the world (Matthew 4:16; compare John 8:12). Read Matthew 5:14-16. There is no veil that can be thrown over us. 1. Be modest in other things. Parker. Their influence cannot be ignored in the world. 1. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. “God is the eternal fountain of all honour and glory, therefore, strictly speaking, cannot be dishonoured; He cannot but be glorified, because to be Himself is to be-infinitely glorious. But so soon as a man becomes connected with Christ and His Church, the light that is within him will be sure to make manifest his inconsistencies to all around. That passage before us is not contradictory. (38-42) The law of love explained. A city that is set on a hill - This place may receive light from the following passage in Maundrell's Travels. ), 2. V. The impressions which a Church makes on the moral consciousness of the community in which it byes is a fair test of its life and power. And man's spirit did extinguish that light, and the spiritual world became anarchy and confusion. About this site. Ye are the light of the world. (James Stewart.). . See Matthew 4:16; Luke 2:32; John 1:4; John 8:12; Isaiah 49:6. And glorify your Father who is in heaven.”. Then the light is a joyous and happy sort of thing. The church is often called the city of God. The bad is something interposed between the original creative design and the execution. That professors of religion, who live like other men, give evidence that they have not been renewed. (2) A more difficult duty is that of passing judgment (as a Christian is often bound to do) on events of the day and public men. It is visible afar off; it overtops the lower country, so that the people cannot, if they wish, shut their eyes and refuse to see it. And only burning for a time flashing meteor, exciting transitory curiosity with thy blaze of.! 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